Legal Opinions

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41
1712
RESTRICTION OF EMPLOYMENT of DOMESTIC SERVANTS
validity of RESTRICTION OF EMPLOYMENT (DOMESTIC SERVANTS) ORDER: whether regulation for securing the public safety and the defence of the Commonwealth and its Territories
Geo. S. Knowles, H. V. Evatt
05 December 1942
NATIONAL SECURITY (GENERAL) REGULATIONS reg 59: NATIONAL SECURITY ACT 1940 s 5: NATIONAL SECURITY (MAN POWER) REGULATIONS regs 14A, 15

I draw your attention to the abovenamed Order, which was made by the Minister for War Organization of Industry on 2nd December, but has not yet been gazetted. In making the order the Minister has ...

42
1713
referral of powers
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MATTERS REFERRED UNDER CONSTITUTION s 51 (xxxvii) AND REMAINDER OF CONSTITUTION: RESTRICTIONS AND LIMITATIONS UPON EXERCISE OF COMMONWEALTH POWERS: REFERRAL SUBJECT TO LIMITATION: ‘SUBJECT TO THIS CONSTITUTION’: REPEAL OF ENTRENCHING PROVISION: POWER TO FIX TIME LIMIT FOR REFERENCE: WITHDRAWAL OF REFERRED MATTER
H. V. Evatt
05 December 1942
CONSTITUTION ss 51(i), (ii), (iii), (xii), (xvi), (xx), (xxix), (xxx), (xxxi), (xxxiii), (xxxiv), (xxxvii), 92, 99, 105A, 114: proposed COMMONWEALTH POWERS BILL cll 2(b), 2(c), 2(e), 2(g), 2(h), 2(j), 3: COLONIAL LAWS VALIDITY ACT 1865 (U.K.) (28 &29 Vict. c. 63) s 5: STATUTE OF WESTMINSTER 1931 (U.K.) (22 & 23 Geo. V c. 4) s 10

When the States refer matters to the Commonwealth Parliament under section 51 (xxxvii) several legal questions arise which are not as yet covered by authority. This memorandum attempts an answer to...

43
1714
commonwealth powers bill
commonwealth powers bill: reference of powers: whether bill effective to ensure that reference and laws enacted pursuant thereto are limited to specified five year period
, Geo. S. Knowles, K. H. Bailey, R. R. Garran
22 December 1942
COMMONWEALTH POWERS (WAR) ACT 1915 (NSW): CONSTITUTION s 51(xxxvii)

The Adelaide Advertiser of December 18th published the text of an opinion by Mr. Ligertwood, K.C., that the Commonwealth Powers Bill 1942 as drafted at the recent Convention does not give legal effect...

44
1715
commonwealth powers bill
legislative powers of the parliament: reference of matters by states: reference for limited period: meaning of ‘matter’: limitations and conditions on power to legislate as to subject-matter: adoption by state of law on referred matter: revocation of adoption: revocation of reference
Geo. S. Knowles, K. H. Bailey, R. R. Garran
21 January 1943
CONSTITUTION s 51(i), (ii), (iii), (xxxvii): FEDERAL COUNCIL OF AUSTRALASIA ACT 1885 (U.K.) (48 & 49 Vict. c. 60)

We have read the full text of the opinion given by Mr. Ham, K.C., on this matter on 12th January, 1943. The first point taken by Mr. Ham–a point which, as he says, if good, makes the rest of...

45
1716
commonwealth powers bill
legislative powers of the parliament: reference of matters by states: MEANING OF ‘REFERRED’: EFFECT OF REFERRAL ON POWERS OF STATES: RELEVance of federal convention debates: validity of referral for limited period
R. R. Garran
02 February 1943
CONSTITUTION ss 51(ii), (xxxvii), 96, 107, 108: FEDERAL COUNCIL OF AUSTRALASIA ACT 1885 (U.K.) (48 & 49 Vict. c. 60) ss 15, 16

Through the courtesy of the Honourable R.S. Richards, we have had an opportunity of reading a printer’s proof of a speech delivered by the Honourable R.J. Rudall(1) in the South Australian House...

46
1717
commonwealth powers bill
commonwealth powers bill: reference of matter by new south wales: whether alteration of constitution or powers of legislative council of new south wales: whether law respecting the powers of the legislature of new south wales
K. H. Bailey
08 February 1943
CONSTITUTION ACT 1902 (NSW) s 7A: COLONIAL LAWS VALIDITY ACT 1865 (U.K.) (28 & 29 Vict. c. 63): PARLIAMENTARY BILLS REFERENDUM ACT 1908) (Qld)

In my opinion, a negative answer should be given.(1) Section 7A of the New South Wales Constitution Act 1902, so far as material, is as follows: The Legislative Council shall not be...

47
1718
Commonwealth powers bill
commonwealth powers bill: reference of power by victoria: whether victorian reference act requires statutory majority or reservation for king’s assent: whether ‘alteration in the constitution of the Legislative Council or Legislative Assembly’: meaning of ‘constitution’
, Geo. S. Knowles, K. H. Bailey, R. R. Garran
20 February 1943
VICTORIA CONSTITUTION ACT 1855 (U.K.) (18 & 19 Vict. c. 55) ss I, LX: Constitution (Reform) Act 1937 (Vic) s 4: COLONIAL LAWS VALIDITY ACT 1865 (U.K.) (28 & 29 Vict. c. 63) s 5: CONSTITUTION s 74: AUSTRALIAN STATES CONSTITUTION ACT 1907 (U.K.) (7 Edw. VII c. 7)

We agree entirely with Mr. Wilbur Ham, K.C.,(1) and Mr. Normand,(2) and broadly for the reasons they have given, that under the Constitution Act of Victoria the Commonwealth Powers Bill requires...

48
1719
commonwealth powers bill
commonwealth powers bill: refutation of allegations concerning conduct of Commonwealth’s legal advisers at meeting between legal advisers of Commonwealth and States on 2 december 1942: statement by Sir Robert Garran K.C., sir george s. knowles and professor k. h. bailey
R. R. Garran
25 February 1943
COMMONWEALTH POWERS (WAR) ACT 1915 (NSW)

A memorandum submitted to the Attorney-General for South Australia on 18th December, 1942, by Mr. A.J. Hannan, K.C., Crown Solicitor of that State, describes in terms that make several serious r...

49
1720
POWERS OF THE SENATE
whether Senate has a right to reiterate a request for the amendment of a money Bill: ‘at any stage’
G. B. Castieau, Geo. S. Knowles, K. H. Bailey, R. R. Garran
13 March 1943
Constitution ss 53-57: Excise Tariff (Spirits) Bill 1906: Appropriation Bill 1921: Constitution Act AmendmenT Act 1915 (Vic)

The question has arisen whether, the Senate having at any stage returned to the House of Representatives a Bill imposing taxation with a request for its amendment, and the House having refused the req...

50
1721
TAXATION
whether Income Tax Bill 1943 cl 2 contravenes Constitution s 55: ACT NOT TO BE PROCLAIMED BEFORE ANOTHER ACT COMES INTO OPERATION: laws imposing taxation TO deal only with imposition of taxation: ‘TACKING’: ‘DEAL WITH’: EFFECT OF CONTRAVENTION
G. B. Castieau, Geo. S. Knowles, K. H. Bailey, R. R. Garran
15 March 1943
Income Tax Bill 1943 cl 2: National Welfare Fund Act 1943: Dairy Produce Export Charges Act 1924: Dairy Produce Export Control Act 1924: Constitution ss 53 para 2, ss 54, 55

We have jointly considered the question whether clause 2 of the Income Tax Bill 1943, by providing that the Governor-General may not proclaim the Act before the National Welfare Fund Act 1943 co...

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